As of June 30, 2023, approximately 29,938 people lived within the District. The District provides water, wastewater, and water recycling services to its domestic, agricultural, and commercial customers in a service area which encompasses approximately 101 square miles, of which approximately 71% of the land use area receives water service. It includes the unincorporated area of Valley Center and unincorporated areas north of Escondido which are located in northern San Diego County. For the last decade, Valley Center has been in transition from being predominately agricultural to a more balanced rural-suburban and agricultural setting. When once over 90% of the water delivered by the District went to commercial agricultural users, the mix is now 60% agricultural 40% domestic-commercial. The decline in agricultural use is due in part to regulatory restrictions, labor costs and shortages, market competition, and the rapid rise in the wholesale cost of water over the last ten years.